The northern coast of the Bellarine Peninsula and in particular the coast in the vicinity of Clifton Springs has long been recognised as an area subjected to a range of natural geohazards. These include landslides and mass movements, coastal degradation processes due to wave action and erosional processes including sheet, rill, gully and tunnel erosion.
Numerous studies and investigations have been carried out in the area over the past 20 years. Investigations and monitoring programs have been continuing since 2002 with the most recent specific monitoring program completed for CoGG in December 2010. In 2011, it was decided to broaden the focus of the regular monitoring program being undertaken and that a more extensive study area would be included in a newly revised annual inspection and monitoring program. In addition, a series of beach and cliff monitoring programs commenced in 2014 in selected areas along the coast.