Anakie East, Lovely Banks and the Corio Basalt Plains indigenous plants

This information sheet covers indigenous plants found in zone 17 in the Geelong region.

Zone 17 consists of fertile clay to clay loam soils with basalt rock usually present. It includes hills, plains and stony rises that are mostly poorly drained. The average rainfall is 45 - 55 centimetres.

This area was once predominantly an open woodland community that also included treeless grasslands and occasional shrubs. Dominant tree species including the Buloke and Drooping Sheoke grew alongside other species such as Grey Box and Red Box on better drained slopes and crests.

On the wetter areas Blackwood, River Red Gum and Yellow Box trees were found. Tree and shrub species such as the Black Wattle, Sweet Bursaria and Silver Banksia formed most of the middle storey.

Smaller species included Shrub Violet, Kangaroo Apple and Common Everlasting.

Sadly, many species of shrubs that occurred in this area are no longer found. Some of these species are the Silver Banksia and Varnish Wattle.

Tree species
Common name Botanical name Size
(height by width in metres)
1 2
Lightwood Acacia implexa 5-15 4-7 Y -
Black Wattle Acacia mearnsii 8-25 6-10 X Y
Blackwood Acacia melanoxylon 5-30 4-15 - Y
Golden Wattle Acacia pycnantha 3-10 2-5 Y -
Buloke Allocasuarina luehmannii 5-15 5-10 Y -
Drooping Sheoke Allocasuarina verticillata 4-11 3-6 Y -
River Red Gum Eucalyptus camaldulensis 15-35 15-35 - Y
Yellow Gum Eucalyptus leucoxylon ssp connata 10-20 6-20 - YU
Yellow Box Eucalyptus melliodora 10-30 8-25 - X
Grey Box Eucalyptus microcarpa 10-25 10-15 YU -
Red Box Eucalyptus polyanthemos 7-25 5-15 YU -
Shrub species
Hedge Wattle Acacia paradoxa 2-4 2-5 Y X
Varnish Wattle Acacia verniciflua 3-5 3-5 X X
Silver Banksia Banksia marginata 1-10 1-5 X X
Sweet Bursaria Bursaria spinosa var macrophylla 2-6 2-3 Y X
Turkey Bush Eremophila deserti 1-4 2 X X
Shrub Violet Hymenanthera dentata 2-4 1-2.5 YS X
Leafless Bluebush Maireana aphylla 1 1 YUA -
Tangled Lignum Muehlenbeckia florulenta 2 2 X -
Kangaroo Apple Solanum laciniatum 1-3 1-3 X X
Groundcover and tussock species
Red-leg Grass Bothriochloa macra 0.2 0.8 Y -
Wallaby Grass Danthonia species 0.2 0.4-1 Y Y
Common Everlasting Chrysocephalum apiculatum 0.3 1-2 Y -
Tussock Grass Poa labillardieri 0.8 0.8 - Y
Spear Grass Stipa species 0.3 1-2 Y Y
Kangaroo Grass Themeda triandra 0.3 0.3 Y -
A - atypical
S - stony rises
U - uncommon
X - species once occurred in this area
Y - species is present in areas of remnant vegetation

1=Well drained slopes / crests; 2=Wetter areas

Local Indigenous Nurseries

Further Contacts

Acknowledgements: David Perry DSE and Mark Trengove

This information sheet is also available in PDF format.

Page last updated: Wednesday, 8 September 2021