Barwon and Moorabool valleys, rivers and major creeks indigenous plants

This information sheet gives details of indigenous plants in the valleys rivers and major creeks of the Barwon and Moorabool areas.

Zone 10 Consists of a variety of geological types including limestone, basalt, gravel and clay; drainage patterns vary with soil types. Vegetation distribution is generally dependant on niches eg dry north facing escarpments, sheltered gullies and river edges. The average rainfall is 45 - 65 centimetres.

The riparian vegetation of the Barwon and Moorabool Rivers and major creeks was characterised by River Red Gum, Blackwood and Swamp Gum. Understorey plants such as Silver Wattle, Woolly Tea-tree and Prickly Currant Bush were also found in these moist environments.

The Barwon River had drier valley slopes that were dominated by Drooping Sheoke with a prominent Wattle understorey of Lightwood, Black Wattle, Hedge Wattle and Golden Wattle. The banks of the Moorabool River carried woodland with a predominantly grassy understorey.

Yellow Gum and Drooping Sheoke were the dominant trees over much of the plateau. The indigenous grasses were Kangaroo Grass which was widespread and Tussock Grass which was found in the wetter areas.

Tree Species
Rivers
Barwon
Moorabool
Common name
Botanical name
Size (H x W m)
1
2
3
4
Lightwood
Acacia implexa 5-15 4-7 Y - Y -
Black Wattle Acacia mearnsii 8-25 6-10 Y - Y -
Blackwood Acacia melanoxylon 5-30 4-15 - Y YW Y
Golden Wattle
Acacia pycnantha 3-10 2-5 Y - Y -
Drooping Sheoke
Allocasuarina verticillata 4-11 3-6 Y - Y -
White Cypress-pine Callitris glaucophylla 5 20 YI - YI -
River Red Gum
Eucalyptus camaldulensis 15-35 15-35 - Y - Y
Yellow Gum Eucalyptus leucoxylon ssp connata 10-20 6-20 X - Y -
Grey Box Eucalyptus microcarpa 10-25 10-15 - - YU -
Swamp Gum Eucalyptus ovata 8-30 8-20 - X - X
Red Box Eucalyptus polyanthemos 7-25 5-15 - - YLS -
Manna Gum Eucalyptus viminalis 10-20 8-15 - YA - YA
Cherry Ballart Exocarpos cupressiformis 3-8 3-5 Y - Y -
Moonah Melaleuca lanceolata 1-8 3-6 YE - YE -
Shrub Species
Silver Wattle Acacia dealbata 6-30 5-10 - Y - Y
Hedge Wattle Acacia paradoxa 2-4 2-5 Y - Y -
Prickly Moses Acacia verticillata  2-6 3-5 - X - Y
Silver Banksia Banksia marginata 1-10 1-5 X - X -
Pale Turpentine Bush Beyeria lechenaultii 1.5 1.5 - - YU -
Sweet Bursaria Bursaria spinosa var macrophylla 2-6 2-3 Y Y Y Y
River Bottlebrush Callistemon sieberi 3-10 2-6 - Y - Y
Dogwood Cassinia aculeata 2-4 1-2 X - X -
Prickly Currant-bush Coprosma quadrifida 2-4 1-1.5 - Y - Y
Rock Correa Correa glabra 1-3 1-3 YE - YE -
Grey Parrot-pea Dillwynia cinerascens 0.6-1.5 0.5-1.5 - Y - Y
Hop Goodenia Goodenia ovata 1-2.5 1-3 - Y - Y
Hemp-Bush Gynatrix pulchella 2-4 1.5-3 - Y - Y
Shrub Violet Hymenanthera dentata 2-4 1-2.5 Y - Y -
Austral Indigo Indigofera australis 1-2 1-2 Y - Y -
Burgan Kunzea ericoides 2-5 2-4 - - Y -
Woolly Tea-tree Leptospermum lanigerum 2-6 1-3 - Y - Y
Tangled Lignum Muehlenbeckia florulenta 1-2.5 1-2 - Y - Y
Common Boobialla Myoporum insulare 1-6 3 X - - -
Sticky Boobialla Myoporum viscosum 0.5-2 1.5-2 Y - Y -
Twiggy Daisy-bush Olearia ramulosa 0.5-2.5 1 X - X -
Shrub Everlasting Ozothamnus ferrugineus 2-6 1-3 - Y - Y
Poison Rice-flower Pimelea pauciflora 1-3 0.5-2 - - - YU
Gaunt Rice-flower Pimelea stricta 1.5 0.5 YU - - -
Pomaderris Pomaderris racemosa 2-5 1-2 X - Y -
Snowy Mint-bush Prostanthera nivea 1.2 0.5-1 - - Y -
Sea Berry Saltbush Rhagodia candolleana 2 1-2.5 Y - - -
Fragrant Saltbush Rhagodia parabolica 0.8-2 0.5-1.5 Y - Y -
Scented Groundsel Senecio odoratus 0.6-2 0.6-1.5 Y - Y -
Kangaroo Apple Solanum laciniatum 1-3 1-3 Y - Y -
Golden Spray Viminaria juncea 2-5.5 2 - Y - Y
Groundcover and Tussock Species
Tussock Grass
Poa labillardieri 0.8 0.8 - Y - Y
Kangaroo Grass
Themeda triandra 0.3 0.3 Y - Y -
A - alluvial soil 
E - escarpment 
I - isolated on escarpment
L - loamy soils
S - species that prefer sandy soils
U - uncommon
W - wetter soils
X - species once occurred in this area
Y - species is present in areas of remnant vegetation

1=Barwon River Valley slopes; 2=Barwon River banks and watercourses; 3=Moorabool River Valley slopes and plateau; 4=Moorabool River banks and water courses


Local Indigenous Nurseries 


Further Contacts



Acknowledgements: David Perry DSE and Mark Trengove

This information sheet is also available in PDF format.






Page last updated: Monday, 4 November 2019

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