Lower Rear Dune Communities indigenous plants

This information sheet covers the Torquay to Point Lonsdale lower rear dune areas.

Zone 4 Consists of flat, moderately fertile alluvial loam soils, poor to well drained with some saline areas. The average rainfall is 60 - 62 centimetres.

This area was predominantly a woodland community. Dominant tree species included Coast Manna Gum, Moonah and Drooping Sheoke with an understorey of Coast Beard-heath.

Woodlands give way to sedgeland and saltmarsh vegetation on the fringes of wetlands.

Areas of grassland dominated by Kangaroo Grass occurred in drier sites. Common Tussock Grass was found along fresh watercourses whereas Blue Tussock Grass would have been present in more saline areas.

Species such as the Rare Bitter-bush and Coast Bitterbush may have once been common in this zone but now only grow in isolated patches.

Tree species
Common name Botanical name Size
(height by width in metres)
Lightwood Acacia implexa 5-15 4-7 YU
Blackwood Acacia melanoxylon 5-30 4-15 Y
Golden Wattle Acacia pycnantha 3-10 2-5 Y
Drooping Sheoke Allocasuarina verticillata 4-11 3-6 Y
Coast Manna Gum Eucalyptus pryoriana 8-16 5-12 Y
River Red Gum Eucalyptus camaldulensis 12-35 15-35 Y
Cherry Ballart Exocarpos cupressiformis 3-8 3-5 Y
Moonah Melaleuca lanceolata 1-8 3-6 Y
Shrub species
Hedge Wattle Acacia paradoxa 2-4 2-5 Y
Coast Wirilda Acacia retinodes var. uncifolia 4-8 3-5 Y
Coast Bitter-bush Adriana klotzschii 2-4 2-3 Y
Rare Bitter-bush Adriana quadripartita 2-4 2-3 Y
Sweet Bursaria Bursaria spinosa var macrophylla 2-6 2-3 Y
Dogwood Cassinia aculeata 2-4 1-2 Y
Shiny Cassinia Cassinia longifolia 2-4 2 X
Common Correa Correa reflexa 0.3 1-2 Y
Hop Bitter-pea Daviesia latifolia 1-3 1-2 Y
Grey Parrot-pea Dillwynia cinerascens 0.6-1.5 0.5-1.5 Y
Smooth Parrot-pea Dillwynia glaberrima 1-2 1-2 Y
Giant Hop-bush Dodonaea viscosa 3 3 Y
Hop Goodenia Goodenia ovata 1-2.5 1-3 Y
Coast Beard-heath Leucopogon parviflorus 1-4 2-3 Y
Common Boobialla Myoporum insulare 1-6 3 Y
Sticky Boobialla Myoporum viscosum 0.5-2 1.5-2 Y
Twiggy Daisy-bush Olearia ramulosa 0.5-2.5 1 Y
Shrub Everlasting Ozothamnus ferrugineus 2-6 1-3 Y
Coast Pomaderris Pomaderris oraria 1-1.5 1-5 Y
Sea Berry Saltbush Rhagodia candolleana 2 1-2.5 Y
Kangaroo Apple Solanum laciniatum 1-3 1-3 Y
Groundcover and tussock species
Berry Saltbush Atriplex semibaccata 0.1-0.3 1-3 Y
Black Anther Flax-lily Dianella revoluta 0.5 1.5-2.0 Y
Tussock Grass Poa labillardieri 0.8 0.8 Y
Blue Tussock grass Poa poiformis 0.2-0.9 1 Y
Bower Spinach Tetragonia implexicoma 0.3-3 2 Y
Kangaroo Grass Themeda triandra 0.3 0.3 Y
Y - species is present in areas of remnant vegetation
X - species once occurred in this area
U - uncommon

1=Drier Sandy Slopes

Further Contacts

Acknowledgements: David Perry DSE and Mark Trengove

This information sheet is also available in PDF format.

Page last updated: Thursday, 4 November 2021