Central Bellarine Hills indigenous plants

This information sheet covers Portarlington, Clifton Springs, Drysdale, Mannerim, Marcus Hill, Wallington, Leopold, Curlewis, Point Lonsdale and Queenscliff on the Bellarine Peninsula.

Zone 3 is a complex mix of soil types, including, clays, sands and gravels on gently sloping hills with poor to moderate fertility and which are poor to well drained. The average rainfall is 55 - 60 centimetres.

This area was predominantly a woodland community with a highly diverse shrub and grass understorey. Tree species would have included Manna Gum and Drooping Sheoke with populations of Moonah and Yellow Gum.

Common shrub species were Silver Banksia, Sweet Bursaria and Smooth Parrot-pea.

Kangaroo Grass was present in patches across most of the inland area while Tussock Grass grew along the region’s watercourses.

The central area of the Bellarine Hills and parts of Queenscliff and Point Lonsdale have large areas of poor sandy soils which are remnants of old dunes.

Heathlands dominated by Dwarf Sheoke, Prickly Tea-tree, Heath Tea-tree and Austral Grasstree occurred on these areas.

Areas of grassland would have also occurred in the areas of richer soil in this zone

Tree Species
Common name Botanical name
Size (H x W m)
1 2
Lightwood Acacia implexa 5-15 4-7 Y -
Black Wattle Acacia mearnsii 8-25 6-10 Y -
Blackwood Acacia melanoxylon 5-30 4-15 Y Y
Golden Wattle Acacia pycnantha 3-10 2-5 Y -
Black Sheoke Allocasuarina littoralis 4-8 2-5 Y Y
Drooping Sheoke Allocasuarina verticillata 4-11 3-6 Y -
River Red Gum Eucalyptus camaldulensis 12-35 15-35 - Y
Yellow Gum Eucalyptus leucoxylon ssp bellarinensis 10-20 6-20 Y -
Swamp Gum Eucalyptus ovata 8-30 8-20 Y Y
Manna Gum Eucalyptus viminalis 10-20 8-15 Y Y
Cherry Ballart Exocarpos cupressiformis 3-8 3-5 Y -
Moonah Melaleuca lanceolata 1-8 3-6 Y Y
Shrub Species
Gold-dust Wattle Acacia acinacea 0.5-2.5 2-4 Y -
Hedge Wattle Acacia paradoxa 2-4 2-5 Y -
Sweet Wattle Acacia suaveolens 1-3 2-5 YS -
Varnish Wattle Acacia verniciflua 3-5 3-5 YS -
Dwarf Sheoke Allocasuarina misera 0.5 1-2 YS -
Silver Banksia Banksia marginata 1-10 1-5 YS -
Showy Bossiaea Bossiaea cinerea 1-2 1-2 YS -
Sweet Bursaria Bursaria spinosa var macrophylla 2-6 2-3 Y -
Dogwood Cassinia aculeata 2-4 1-2 Y -
Hop Bitter-pea Daviesia latifolia 1-3 1-3 Y -
Grey Parrot-pea Dillwynia cinerascens 0.6 1.5 Y -
Smooth Parrot-pea Dillwynia glaberrima 1-2 1-2 Y -
Giant Hop-bush Dodonaea viscosa 1-3 1-3 Y -
Hop Goodenia Goodenia ovata 1-2.5 1-3 - Y
Prickly Tea-tree Leptospermum continentale 1-4 1-2 YS -
Heath Tea-tree Leptospermum myrsinoides 0.5-2.5 1 YS -
Coast Beard-heath Leucopogon parviflorus 1-4 2-3 Y -
Common Beard-heath Leucopogon virgatus 0.3-1 0.2-0.6 YS -
Common Boobialla Myoporum insulare 1-6 3 Y -
Sticky Boobialla Myoporum viscosum 0.5-2 1.5-2 Y -
Snowy Daisy-bush Olearia lirata 2-5 2-3 Y -
Shrub Everlasting Ozothamnus ferrugineus 2-6 1-3 Y Y
Prickly Geebung Persoonia juniperina 0.3-2 0.6-0.8 Y -
Coast Pomaderris Pomaderris oraria 1-1.5 1-5 Y -
Snowy Mint-bush Prostanthera nivea 3 2.5 Y  
Sea Berry Saltbush Rhagodia candolleana 2 1-2.5 Y -
Kangaroo Apple Solanum laciniatum 1-3 1-3 Y -
Golden Spray Viminaria juncea 2.5-5 2 Y Y
Grass-tree Xanthorrhoea australis to 3 metres high YS -
Groundcover and Tussock Species
Berry Saltbush Atriplex semibaccata 0.1-0.3 1-3 Y -
Common Everlasting Chrysocephalum apiculatum 0.3 1-2 Y -
Black Anther Flax-lily Dianella revoluta 0.5 1.5-2 Y -
Tussock Grass Poa labillardieri 0.8 0.8 - Y
Kangaroo Grass Themeda triandra 0.3 0.3 Y -
Y - species is present in areas of remnant vegetation
X - species once occurred in this area
S - species that prefer sandy soils

1=Hills;  2=Riparian

Local Indigenous Nurseries

  • West Coast Indigenous Nursery: 0425 752 648 or 5261 5773 (phone/fax)

Further Contacts



Acknowledgements: David Perry DSE and Mark Trengove

This information sheet is also available in PDF format.






Page last updated: Monday, 4 November 2019

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