Procurement Policy

Procurement Policy Document No: CPL565.3
Approval Date: 28 June 2016
Approved By: Council
Review Date: 30 June 2017
Responsible Officer: Manager, Property & Procurement Version No: 06
Authorising Officer: Chief Executive Officer

1.1 Background
1.2 Scope
1.3 Purpose
1.4 Treatment of GST
1.5 Definitions and abbreviations
2 Effective Legislative and Policy Compliance and Control
2.1 Ethics and probity
2.1.1 Requirement
2.1.2 Conduct of Councillors and Council Staff
2.1.3 Tender and Quotation Processes
2.1.4 Conflict of Interest
2.1.5 Fair and Honest Dealing
2.1.6 Accountability and Transparency
2.1.7 Gifts and Hospitality
2.1.8 Disclosure of Information
2.1.9 Councils Expectations of Suppliers
2.2 Governance
2.2.1 Structure
2.2.2 Standards
2.2.3 Methods
2.2.4 Responsible Financial Management
2.2.5 Probity Advisor/Auditor
2.3 Procurement thresholds and competition
2.3.1 Requirement
2.3.2 Minimum Spend Competition Thresholds
2.4 Delegation of authority
2.4.1 Requirement
2.4.2 Delegations
2.5 Internal controls
2.6 Commercial information
2.7 Risk management
2.7.1 General
2.7.2 Supply by Contract
2.7.3 OH&S and Other Mandatory Requirements
2.7.4 Disability Considerations
2.8 Contract terms
2.9 Endorsement
2.10 Dispute resolution
2.11 Contract management
2.12 E-Procurement
3 Demonstrate sustained value
3.1 Integration with Council strategy
3.2 Achieving value for money
3.2.1 Requirement
3.2.2 Approach
3.2.3 Role of Specifications
3.3 Performance measure and continuous improvement
3.4 Corporate social responsibility
3.4.1 Social Procurement
3.5 Sustainable procurement
3.6 Social procurement
3.6.1. Local Businesses and Apprentices
3.6.2 Social Enterprises
    3.6.3 Collaboration with the Industry Capability Network (ICN) 
    3.6.4 Project Delivery
4 Apply consistent and standard approach
4.1 Standard processes
4.2 Performance indicators and management information
5 Build and maintain supply relationships
5.1 Developing and managing suppliers
5.2 Supply market development
5.3 Relationship management
5.4 Communication
6 Continual improvement

The City of Greater Geelong acknowledges the assistance of the MAV and Landell Consulting Pty Ltd through the provision of a Model Procurement Policy.

1 Principles

1.1 Background

Greater Geelong City Council:

  • Recognises that:

    • Developing a procurement strategy and adopting appropriate best practice contracting and procurement principles, policies, processes and procedures for all goods, services and works by Council, will enhance achievement of Council objectives.

    • The elements of best practice applicable to local government procurement incorporate:

    • Requires that Councils procurement activities:

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1.2 Scope

This Procurement Policy is made under Section 186A of the Local Government Act 1989.

This section of the Act requires Council to prepare, approve and comply with a procurement policy encompassing the principles, processes and procedures applied to all purchases of goods, services and works by Council.

This policy applies to all contracting and procurement activities at Council and is binding upon Councillors, Council officers and temporary employees, contractors and consultants while engaged by Council.

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1.3 Purpose

The purpose of this Policy is to:

  • provide policy and guidance to Council to allow consistency and control over procurement activities;

  • demonstrate accountability to rate payers;

  • provide guidance on ethical behaviour in public sector purchasing;

  • demonstrate the application of elements of best practice in purchasing; and

  • increase the probability of obtaining the right outcome when purchasing goods and services.

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1.4 Treatment of GST

All monetary values related to this policy exclude GST except, where specifically stated otherwise.

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1.5 Definitions and Abbreviations

Term Definition
Act Local Government Act 1989
Best and Final Offer (BAFO) A process is utilised during a tender process which allows Council to invite shortlisted tenderers to submit their best and last technical and priced offer on the basis of the tender requirements. This process is designed to further assist in the demonstration of achieving the value for money principles.
Commercial in Confidence Information that, if released, may prejudice the business dealings of the party (e.g. discounts, rebates, profits, methodologies and process information). It is information provided for a specific purpose that is not to be used for any other purpose than set out in the initial document.
Conditions of Tendering Rules governing the content and submission of tenders and the conduct of the tendering process.
Contract Management (i) The process that ensures both parties to a contract fully meet their respective obligations as efficiently and effectively as possible, in order to deliver the business and operational objectives required from the contract and in particular, to provide value for money.
Council Staff (Council Representative / Contracts Officer/ Superintendent) Includes full time and part-time Council officers, and temporary employees, contractors and consultants while engaged by the Council.
Conflict of Interest Refer to section 77A of the Act.
Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) is about taking positive action to demonstrate Council’s commitment to the local community and environment on which it impacts.
Delegation A power handed down by the Council or Chief Executive Officer in an instrument to enable a delegate to act on Council’s behalf.
Emergency   Sudden or unexpected occurrence requiring immediate action. 
e-Procurement e-Procurement is integral to the overall development of procurement processes and involves the use of electronic systems to acquire goods services and works.
Expression of Interest (EOI) An invitation for persons to submit an EOI for the provision of the goods, services and works which generally set out in the overview of requirements contained in the document. This invitation is not an offer or a contract.
Probity (ii) The dictionary definition of probity refers to uprightness, honesty, proper and ethical conduct and propriety in dealings. Within Government, the word “probity” is often used in a general sense to mean “good process.” A procurement process that conforms to the expected standards of probity is one in which clear procedures that are consistent with the Council’s policies and legislation are established, understood and followed from the outset. These procedures need to consider the legitimate interests of suppliers and ensure that all potential suppliers are treated equitably.
Probity Advisor Commonly an observer in dealings with tenderers and the evaluation panel at presentations and interviews. The probity advisors would be available to answer questions and provide advice to the evaluation team and/or steering committee.
Probity Auditor A contract that sets out rates for goods and services which are available for the term of the agreement. However, no commitment is made under the agreement to purchase a specified value or quantity of goods or services.
Panel Contract Arrangements A contract that sets out rates for goods and services which are available for the term of the agreement. However, no commitment is made under the agreement to purchase a specified value or quantity of goods or services.
Procurement (iii) Procurement is the whole process of acquisition of external goods, services and works. This process spans the whole life cycle from initial concept through to the end of the useful life of an asset (including disposal) or the end of a service contract.
Social Procurement Social Procurement uses Procurement processes and purchasing power to generate positive social outcomes in addition to the delivery of efficient goods, services and works.
Sustainability (iv) Activities that meet the needs for goods, works and services in a way that achieves value for money on a whole of life basis in terms of generating benefits not only to Council, but also to society and the economy, while minimising damage to the environment.
Tender Process The process of inviting parties to submit a tender by public advertisement, followed by evaluation of submissions and selection of a successful bidder or tenderer.
Thresholds The value above which a procurement, unless exempt, is subject to the mandatory procurement processes.
Quotation Process The process of inviting parties to submit a quotation followed by evaluation of submissions and selection of a successful bidder or tenderer.
Value for Money Value for Money in procurement is about selecting the supply of goods, services and works taking into account both cost and non-cost factors including:
  • contribution to the advancement of the Council’s priorities;
  • non-cost factors such as fitness for purpose, quality, service and support, project delivery, risk, economic contribution to the Geelong region, financial capacity; and
  • cost-related factors including whole-of-life costs and transaction costs associated with acquiring, using, holding, maintaining and disposing of the goods, services or works.

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2 Effective Legislative and Policy Compliance and Control

2.1 Ethics and Probity (v)

2.1.1 Requirement

The Council’s procurement activities shall be performed with integrity and in a manner able to withstand the closest possible scrutiny.

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2.1.2 Conduct of Councillors and Council Staff General

Councillors and Council Staff shall at all times conduct themselves in ways that are ethical and will:

  • treat potential and existing suppliers with equality and fairness;

  • not seek or receive personal gain;

  • maintain confidentiality of competing companies information, such as pricing , specifications, quotation, tender, bid, or any other commercial or proprietary information;

  • present a high standard of professionalism and probity;

  • deal with suppliers in an honest and impartial manner that does not allow conflicts of interest;

  • provide all suppliers and tenderers with the same information and equal opportunity;

  • be able to account for all decisions and provide feedback on them, and

  • maintain fair, equitable and non-discriminatory procedures for addressing complaints and concerns raised by suppliers or members of the community regarding Council’s procurement activities.

[Back to Index] Members of Professional Bodies

Councillors and Council Staff belonging to professional organisations shall, in addition to the obligations detailed in this policy, ensure that they adhere to any code of ethics or professional standards required by that body.

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2.1.3 Tender and Quotation Processes

All tender and quotation processes shall be conducted in accordance with the requirements of this policy, the Procurement and Contracts Manual and any associated procedures, relevant legislation, relevant Australian Standards and the Act.

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2.1.4 Conflict of Interest

Councillors and Council Staff shall at all times avoid situations in which private interest’s, conflict or might reasonably be deemed to have the potential to conflict, with their Council duties.

Councillors and Council Staff shall not participate in any action or matter associated with the arrangement of a contract (i.e. evaluation, negotiation, recommendation, or approval), where that person or any member of their immediate family has a direct or indirect interest, or holds a position of influence or power in a business undertaking tendering for the work.

The onus is on the Councillor and Council Staff involved, to promptly declare a direct or indirect, actual or potential, conflict of interest to Council.

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2.1.5 Fair and Honest Dealing

All prospective contractors and suppliers must be afforded an equal opportunity to tender or quote.

Impartiality must be maintained in selecting contractors and suppliers so that it can withstand public scrutiny.

The commercial interests of existing and potential suppliers must be protected.

Confidentiality of information provided by existing and prospective suppliers must be maintained at all times, particularly commercially sensitive material such as, but not limited to prices (other than the price of the successful tenderers own fixed price lump sum contract), discounts, rebates, profit, manufacturing and product information.

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2.1.6 Accountability and Transparency

Accountability in procurement means being able to explain and provide evidence on the process followed. The test of accountability is that an independent third party must be able to see clearly that a process has been followed and that the process is fair and reasonable.

Therefore the processes by which all procurement activities are conducted will be in accordance with this Procurement Policy and related Council policies and procedures.


  • all Council Staff are required to comply with the Code of Conduct for Council Staff, accordingly they must be able to account for all procurement decisions made over the lifecycle of all goods, services and works purchased by the Council and provide feedback on them; and

  • all procurement activities are to leave an audit trail for monitoring and reporting purposes.

  • Councillors must not direct or influence a member of Council staff in the exercise of any power in the performance of any duty or function.

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2.1.7 Gifts and Hospitality

All Councillors and Council Staff are to adhere to Council’s Gifts and Hospitality Policy.

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2.1.8 Disclosure of Information

Information received by the Council that is Commercial in Confidence must not be disclosed and is to be stored in a secure location.

Councillors and Council Staff are to protect, by refusing to release or discuss the following:

  • information disclosed by organisations in tenders, quotation or during tender negotiations;

  • all information that is Commercial in Confidence; and

  • pre-contract information including but not limited to information provided in quotes and tenders or subsequently provided in pre-contract negotiations.

Councillors and Council Staff are to avoid references to current or proposed contracts in discussion with acquaintances or outside interests.

Discussion with potential suppliers during tender evaluations should not go beyond the extent necessary to resolve doubt or clarify on what is being offered by that supplier.

At no stage should any discussion be entered into which could have potential contractual implications prior to the contract approval process being finalised.

Tenderers are however advised that a report on a tender process may be presented at an open meeting of Council, and some information arising from the tender will be publicly available.

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2.1.9 Councils Expectations of Suppliers

It is Councils expectation that whilst participating in tendering or quotation processes suppliers must not approach, or request any other person to approach, any Councillor or Council Staff to solicit support for their bid or otherwise seek to influence the outcome of the process.

The bid of any supplier who engages in this type of conduct may not be considered further by Council.

If a supplier is aware of or concerned about any improper practices being undertaken by Council Staff in relation to procurement activities they are requested to contact Councils Corporate Internal Auditor.

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2.2 Governance (vi)

2.2.1 Structure

The Council shall:

  • establish a procurement management responsibility structure and delegations ensuring accountability, traceability and auditable procurement decisions. ensure that the Councils procurement structure.

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2.2.2 Standards

The Council’s procurement activities shall be carried out to the professional standards required by best practice and in compliance with:

  • the Act;

  • Council’s policies and procedures;

  • Council’s Procurement and Contracts Manual;

  • Councillor and Staff Code of Conduct;

  • Local Government Procurement Best Practice Guidelines; and

  • other relevant legislative and policy requirements, such as, but not limited to the Competition and Consumer Act, Charter of Human Rights and Responsibilities Act, Goods Act and the Environment Protection Act, National Competition and Competitive Neutrality.

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2.2.3 Methods

The Council’s standard methods for purchasing goods, services and works shall be by:

  • purchasing card;

  • purchase order following a quotation process;

  • under contract following a tender or quotation process; or

  • under purchasing schemes including collaborative purchasing arrangements with other councils and commercial schemes such as provided by Procurement Australia, Municipal Association of Victoria Procurement, Supply Clusters of Australia, State Purchase Contracts, Whole of Victorian Government Contracts and the Construction Suppliers Register.

Typically a multi-stage tender process may commence with a registration/expression of interest stage followed by a tender process involving the organisations selected as a result of the registration of interest stage.

Expressions of Interest (EOI) may be appropriate where:

  • Council wishes to consider ahead of the formal tender process such issues as whether those tendering possess the necessary technical, managerial and financial resources to successfully complete the project;

  • tendering costs are likely to be high and Council seeks to ensure that companies incapable of supplying the requirement don’t incur unnecessary expense;

  • Council wishes to determine the level of interest of suppliers or vendors in tendering for the provision of goods, services or works;

  • it is necessary to pre-qualify suppliers and goods to need defined standards; and

  • Council is required to gain a greater understanding of its needs, the availability of relevant goods and services and the likely costs

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2.2.4 Responsible Financial Management

The principle of responsible financial management shall be applied to all procurement activities. Where the tender sum exceeds budget allocation, Council will review scope of project or submit a report for expenditure variation to budget.

Council Staff must not authorise the expenditure of funds in excess of their financial delegations.

Council funds must be used efficiently and effectively to procure goods, services and works and every attempt must be made to contain the costs of the procurement process without compromising any of the procurement principles set out in this Policy.

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2.2.5 Probity Advisor/Auditor

Council will consider the appointment of a probity advisor or probity auditor for tender requests based on the nature and complexity of the proposed procurement.

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2.3 Procurement Thresholds and Competition

2.3.1 Requirement

Council’s procurement thresholds will be amended from time to time to alter minimum spend competition thresholds, but at all times clear guidelines will be provided. These will be decided based on the size and complexity of the proposed procurement activities.

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2.3.2 Minimum Spend Competition Thresholds Tenders

Purchase of all goods, services and works for which the estimated expenditure exceeds the compulsory tender thresholds pursuant to Section 186 of the Act, must be undertaken by public tender unless approved exemptions are available. There is no specific time limit applicable to the length of a contract which is subject to the thresholds. Council will determine the optimum period for the contract, on the basis of value for money and the efficiency and effectiveness of the procurement and then assess the value of the contract.

Council may undertake a public tender where the value of goods, works and services does not reach the threshold sums. These may be situations where a public tender is preferred or prudent, managing risk considerations are paramount, or there is a desire for greater transparency of the procurement.

As a general rule Council will not accept late tenders, the exception being where it can be substantiated that:

  • there was a Council related system failure/interruptions in the case of submission of a electronic tender, or
  • access was denied or hindered in relation to the physical tender box.

The Manager Administration and Governance can accept a late tender where it can be determined the above circumstances prevailed at the time of attempted lodgement.

If the nature of a proposed procurement and the characteristics of the market are such that the public tender process would lead to a better result for the Council, public tenders may be called for purchase of goods, services and works for which the estimated expenditure is less than the compulsory tender thresholds.

Where significant amounts are spent in aggregate on one supplier, or for one service, over time, Council will assess whether greater savings can be achieved by tendering. For this purpose at least two financial accounting periods of category expenditure will be analysed with each category being individually assessed based on its own unique characteristics.

[Back to Index] Best and Final Offer

Council may, if it receives sufficient Tenders which (in its absolute discretion) it considers acceptable, select two or more Tenderers (Short-Listed Tenderers) to negotiate (and if desired by the relevant Tenderer, revise) their Tender and provide to the Principal a best and final offer in relation to all or certain aspects of their Tender.

Without limiting the general nature of the previous paragraph, the stage of the tender process contemplated by this clause (BAFO Stage) may involve:

  • The Short-Listed Tenderers refining their Tenders, including by investigating any value management proposals put forward by the relevant Short-Listed Tenderer.

  • Council and the Short-Listed Tenderers negotiating the Contract Documents including by:

  • If the relevant Short-Listed Tenderer desires to do so, the Short-Listed Tenderers re-submitting their Tenders to Council.

  • Each Short-Listed Tenderer confirming to Council in writing that the offer contained in their Tender (or, if relevant, revised Tender), is binding and will be open for acceptance by Council for up to 90 days from the date of such written confirmation; and

  • Council determining which, if either, of the Tenders it will accept.

Council is under no obligation to give Tenderers the opportunity to submit a best and final offer in the BAFO Stage.

[Back to Index] Quotations

For purchases of goods, services and works having a total valuation of less than compulsory tender thresholds Council will maintain a formalised system of procurement requirements.

Council’s procurement guidelines will address, but not limited to the following:

  • financial thresholds;

  • reporting requirements;

  • the type and number of quotations required;

  • advertising

  • insufficient quotations

[Back to Index] Purchasing Cards

A select number of purchasing cards are available for the low cost and of high volume purchases of goods and services. They must be used in accordance with Council’s Purchasing Card policy and are not to be used for personal use.

[Back to Index] Petty Cash

A petty cash system operates to reimburse legitimate, urgent and operational business expenses incurred by Council staff in the conduct of Council activities.

The maximum claim for petty cash is $50 and must authorised by the requesting officer’s supervisor.

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Council may use the services of a third party agent to undertake a tender on its behalf. Where this engagement is determined Council will:

  • endorse the tender and contract specifications, conditions and other contract documentation before public tenders are called;

  • ensure proper procurement processes and procedures are in place;

  • make a decision to either accept one of the tenders or reject all tenders as allowed by the Act, including reviewing the evaluation panels’ assessment of submissions and recommendation to select one tender or a panel of tenderers; and

  • exercise discretion in accepting one of the tenders and merely rely on the work undertaken by the agent.

[Back to Index] Emergencies

Council will enter into a contract, the value of which reaches the threshold amounts, for the provision of goods, services or works without first putting that contract to public tender, if it is resolved that the contract must be entered into because of an emergency.

[Back to Index] Ministerial Exemption

The Minister for Local Government may exercise his or her discretionary power to approve an arrangement for the purposes of the Act, a contract that Council wishes to enter into without first exposing that contract to public tender. Ministerial exemptions will only be sought in exceptional circumstances.

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2.4 Delegation of Authority (vii)

2.4.1 Requirement

Delegations define the limitations within which Council Staff are permitted to work. Delegation of procurement authority allows specified Council Staff to approve certain purchases, quotations, tender and contractual processes without prior referral to the Council. This enables Council to conduct procurement activities in an efficient and timely manner whilst maintaining transparency and integrity.

Procurement delegations ensure accountability and provide confidence to Council and the public that purchasing activities are dealt with at the appropriate level.

As such, Council has delegated responsibilities as detailed below relating to the expenditure of funds for the purchase of goods, services and works, the acceptance of quotes and tenders and for Contract Management activities.

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2.4.2 Delegations Council Staff

Council maintains a documented record of authorised procurement delegations, identifying Council officers authorised to make such procurement commitments in respect of goods, services and works on behalf of Council, including but not limited to the following (viii):

  • power to authorise and issue order forms for goods and services;

  • power to enter into contracts within approved budget;

  • sign letters of acceptance on behalf of Council to enter into contracts; and

  • contract term extensions and contract variations.

The requisition and authorisation of purchases cannot be processed by the same officer.

[Back to Index] Delegations Reserved for the Council

Tender recommendations where the expenditure is over the Chief Executive Officer’s delegation must be approved by Council.

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2.5 Internal Controls

The Council will establish and maintain procurement processes that will ensure:

  • more than one person is involved in and responsible for a transaction end to end;

  • transparency in the procurement process;

  • a clearly documented audit trail exists for procurement activities;

  • appropriate authorisations are obtained and documented; and

  • systems are in place for appropriate monitoring and performance measurement.

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2.6 Commercial Information

Procurement activities will be carried out in a way that supports Council Staff in meeting their obligations to ensure information of a commercially sensitive or confidential nature is obtained, stored, processed, published (where applicable) in an appropriate manner in accordance with the relevant Council guidelines.

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2.7 Risk Management

2.7.1 General

Risk Management is to be appropriately applied at all stages of procurement activities which will be properly planned and carried out in a manner that will protect and enhance the Councils capability to prevent, withstand and recover from interruption to the supply of goods services and works.

Risk management will be carried out in accordance with the stated requirements in the Risk Management Policy and the Guidelines for OH&S Management of Contractors and any Federal or State regulatory requirements.

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2.7.2 Supply by Contract

The provision of goods, services and works by contract potentially exposes the Council to risk.

The Council will minimise its risk exposure by measures such as:

  • standardising contracts to include current, relevant clauses;

  • requiring security deposits where appropriate;

  • referring specifications to relevant experts;

  • requiring contractual agreement before commencement;

  • use of or reference to relevant Australian Standards (or equivalent); and

  • effectively managing the contract including monitoring and enforcing performance.

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2.7.3 OH&S and Other Mandatory Requirements

Council undertakes due diligence activities on all suppliers to ensure compliance to legislative and business requirements. Council requires all contractors, service providers and volunteers to comply with all OH&S legislative requirements. These are mandatory requirements and non compliance will disqualify prospective suppliers. Suppliers must provide evidence of insurances in providing goods, services or works.

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2.7.4 Disability Considerations

The legislative requirements of the Disability Act 2006 and Regulations 2007 and Council’s Disability Action Plan, are considered to ensure that procurement processes and decisions do not directly and indirectly discriminate against people with a disability.

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2.8 Contract Terms

All contractual relationships must be documented in writing based on standard terms and conditions.

Where this is not possible, approval must be sought from the appropriate member of Council Staff listed in the Delegations section or above. A request for such an approval should be supported with procurement and legal advice as relevant.

All contractors must obey and ensure that its employees, sub-contractors and agents obey any Acts, regulations, local laws and by-laws in any way applicable to the performance of a contract. All contractors must also comply with the terms of any relevant Commonwealth and State industrial instruments in respect to its employees and ensure that any agents and sub-contractors of the contractor also comply with these obligations.

To protect the best interests of the Council, terms and conditions must be settled in advance of any commitment being made with a supplier. Any exceptions to doing this expose the Council to risk and thus must be authorised by the appropriate member of Council Staff.

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2.9 Endorsement

Council Staff must not endorse any products or services.

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2.10 Dispute Resolution

All Council contracts shall incorporate dispute management and alternative dispute resolution provisions to minimise the potential for legal action.

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2.11 Contract Management

The purpose of contract management is to ensure that the Council, and where applicable its clients, receive the goods, services or works provided to the required standards of quality and quantity as intended by the contract by:

  • establishing a system reinforcing the performance of both parties’ responsibilities and obligations under the contract;

  • ensuring adherence with Council’s Risk Management framework and compliance with applicable Occupational Health and Safety procedures; and

  • providing a means for the early recognition of issues and performance problems and the identification of solutions.

Contracts are to be proactively managed by the member of Council Staff responsible for the delivery of the contracted goods, services or works to ensure the Council receives Value for Money.

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2.12 e-Procurement

e-Procurement is integral to the overall development of procurement processes and involves the use of an electronic system to acquire goods, services and works.

By utilising e-procurement the aim is to:

  • reduce transaction costs

  • make processes more efficient;

  • improve management information and visibility of spend;

  • increasing control and consistency of processes; and

  • improve spend compliance.

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3 Demonstrate Sustained Value

3.1 Integration with Council Strategy

The Council procurement strategy shall support its corporate strategy, aims and objectives, including but not limited to:

  • Community Wellbeing

  • Growing the Economy

  • Sustainable Built and Natural Environment

  • How We do Business.

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3.2 Achieving Value for Money

3.2.1 Requirement

The Council’s procurement activities will be carried out on the basis of obtaining Value for Money. Lowest price is not necessarily an indicator of value for money and cost is not the only factor for assessing value for money. Other factors such as technical capability to meet specification, risk management, environment and occupational health and safety, financial capacity, economic contribution to the Geelong region, sustainability, quality, customer service, resource management, continuous improvement, fitness for purpose and social considerations may be considered in assessing competing companies’ submissions.

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3.2.2 Approach

This will be facilitated by:

  • developing, implementing and managing procurement strategies that support the co-ordination and streamlining of activities throughout;

  • effective use of competition;

  • using schedule of rates and panel contract arrangements where appropriate;

  • identifying and rectifying inefficiencies in procurement processes;

  • more emphasis placed on procurement planning process;

  • developing a more cost efficient tender process including appropriate use of e-solutions;

  • Council Staff responsible for providing procurement services or assistance within the Council providing competent advice in terms of available products and agreements;

  • working with suppliers to create relationships that are professional and productive, and are appropriate to the value and importance of the goods, services and works being acquired;

  • undertaking analysis of Council’s category spending patterns; and

  • ensuring procurement effort corresponds with risk and expected return.

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3.2.3 Role of Specifications

Specifications used in quotations, tenders and contracts are to support and contribute to the Council’s Value for Money objectives through being written in a manner that:

  • ensures impartiality and objectivity as reasonably practicable;

  • encourages the use of standard products;

  • encourages sustainability; and

  • eliminates unnecessarily stringent requirements.

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3.3 Performance Measure and Continuous Improvement

Council will establish an appropriate management and reporting systems to monitor performance against targets and compliance with procurement policies, procedures and controls.

Procurement procedures, practices and costs will be benchmarked externally.

Procurement will use the performance measurements developed to:

  • highlight trend and exceptions where necessary to enhance performance;

  • improve the internal efficiency of the procurement process and where relevant the performance of suppliers; and

  • facilitate relevant programmes to drive improvement in procurement to eliminate waste and inefficiencies across key spend categories.

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3.4 Corporate Social Responsibility

Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) is about taking positive action to demonstrate the Council’s commitment to the local community and environment on which it impacts. This means the Council maximising the benefits of the services they provide across the community and minimising the negative aspects of their activities.

The Council integrates CSR into its organisational policies and practices through social procurement, sustainability and diversity.

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3.4.1 Social Procurement

Social Procurement generates positive outcomes by building on initiatives already undertaken by the Council in enhancing sustainable and strategic procurement practice, further enabling procurement to effectively contribute towards building stronger communities and meeting the social objectives of the Council.

The Council is committed to Social Procurement by:

  • Ensuring all procurement practices are sustainable and strategically aligned with the wider Council objectives

  • Achieving greater value for money across the community through the use of effective procurement

  • Ensuring all businesses have the same opportunity to tender for Council contracts

  • Enhancing partnerships with other Councils, suppliers and community stakeholders

  • Building and maintaining a strong community by exploring ways to generate local employment (particularly among disadvantaged residents) and further strengthening the local economy

  • Purchasing ethical and fair trade goods to support equitable, local, national and international trade.

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3.5 Sustainable Procurement

Council is committed to reducing its environment impacts and operating in a socially, financially and environmentally responsible manner.

Council will encourage the design and use of products and services which have minimal impact on the environment and human health. This includes, but is not limited to:

  • Recycling

  • Waste Management

  • Emissions Management

  • Habitat Destruction

  • Toxicity

  • Soil Degradation

  • Water Conservation

  • Energy Management, and

  • Green Building Design

Council shall encourage suppliers to adopt good environmental practices.

Council will actively promote green procurement throughout its supply chain and where possible consider selection which has minimum environmental impact.

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3.6 Social Procurement

Social procurement is the process of generating positive social outcomes through the delivery of goods, services and works. Social procurement is a key mechanism by which to generate wider social benefits by providing a mechanism for linking and integrating social and economic agendas.

Council is a signatory to the G21 Region Opportunities for Work (GROW) Compact, and are committed to adding value to the G21 Region, including the social benefits generated by investing in local and social businesses and people.  Social procurement can effectively contribute to building stronger communities and meeting social objectives and in particular facilitating employment opportunities to target communities in the G21 Region.

3.6.1 Local Businesses and Apprentices

Council is committed to buying from local businesses where such purchases may be justified on Value for Money grounds, while remaining compliant with the Competition and Consumer Act 2010 and other fair trading legislation requirements.

Wherever practicable, Council will fully examine the benefits available through purchasing goods, services or works from suppliers/contractors within the G21 Region.

Council will also seek from prospective suppliers/contractors, where applicable, what economic contribution they will make to the G21 region. A weighting percentage up to a maximum value of 10% will be assigned to this criteria element. The percentage applied to any procurement will be determined by the quotation or tender evaluation panel.

Such examples may include:

  1. Engaging and contracting with local suppliers

  2. Engaging local sub-contractors

  3. Suppliers/contractors participation in any apprenticeship schemes or employment of apprentices when tendering for projects and upon award.

  4. Contributing to the financial, social and environmental wellbeing of the region

  5. Enable the business expansion, growth and servicing of local business and contractors.

  6. Existing local business

3.6.2 Social Enterprises

A social enterprise is a revenue-generating business with primarily social objectives whose surpluses are reinvested for that purpose in the business or in the community, rather than being driven by the need to deliver profit to shareholders and owners.  These organisations are commonly referred to as social benefit suppliers and they include social enterprises, Australian Disability Enterprises, Fair Trade Businesses and Indigenous Businesses and can also include women owned and minority owned businesses.

Council will identify opportunities to work with social enterprises and other not-for-profit businesses in the G21 Region which deliver social outcomes as part of doing business, either directly or as part of our supply chain.

3.6.3. Collaboration with the Industry Capability Network (ICN)

Council has committed to further engaging with local suppliers through collaboration with the ICN. Wherever practicable, Council will utilise ICN’s network to alert local suppliers of relevant work opportunities with Council.

3.6.4 Project Delivery

The engagement/employment of apprentices or trainees will form part of the project delivery criteria in determining the awarding of a contract for construction projects. Tenderers must provide details of direct and indirect employment of apprentices or trainees to be engaged during the course of a project.

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4 Apply a Consistent and Standard Approach

4.1 Standard Processes

The Council will provide effective commercial arrangements covering standard products and standard service provisions across the Council to enable employees to source requirements in an efficient manner.

This will be achieved via a combination of the following areas:

  • use of Council’s Preferred Supplier System;

  • pricing where relevant;

  • processes, Procedures and techniques;

  • tools and business systems e.g. e-tendering, e-quotation sourcing arrangements;

  • reporting requirements; and

  • application of standard contract terms and conditions.

4.2 Performance Indicators and Management Information

A list of indicators will be developed to measure procurement performance. They will include criteria such as:

  • the proportion of spend against corporate contracts;

  • user and supplier satisfaction levels measuring the success of procurement initiatives e.g. procurement cards; and

  • the proportion of Eco-friendly spend.

Council will also use external sources of management information to assist with the procurement decision making process.

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5 Build and Maintain Supply Relationships

Council recognises that in order to achieve sustainable value, appropriate relationships must be developed and maintained with suppliers.

5.1 Developing and Managing Suppliers

Council recognises the importance of effective and open working relationships with its suppliers, and is committed to the following:

  • managing existing suppliers, to ensure the benefits are delivered;

  • maintaining approved preferred supplier lists and compliance with Council’s requirements for insurances, OH&S etc; and

  • developing new suppliers and improving the capability of existing suppliers where appropriate.

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5.2 Supply Market Development

A wide range of suppliers will be encouraged to compete for Council work.

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5.3 Relationship Management

Council is committed to developing constructive long-term relationships with suppliers. It is important that the Council identifies its key suppliers so that its efforts are focused to best effect. Such areas may include:

  • size of spend across the Council;

  • criticality of goods / services supplier, to the delivery of the authorities services;

  • availability of substitutes; and

  • market share and strategic share of suppliers.

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5.4 Communication

External communication is very important in ensuring a healthy interest from potential suppliers and partners to Council. The external website will be developed and updated to provide:

  • information about Council and how to become an approved supplier;

  • guidelines for doing business with Council;

  • standard documentation used in the procurement process;

  • links to other relevant sites; and

  • where applicable, a list of upcoming tenders.

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6 Continual Improvement

Council will focus on developing and maintaining effective working relationships with external and internal stakeholders, to assist in delivery of Council’s strategic objectives.

Council’s procurement strategy aims to support Council’s objectives by implementing continuous improvement and value for money opportunities in the following areas:

  • Technology

    • Develop innovative procurement techniques, tools and methods.

  • Process and Governance

    •  Procurement activities shall be performed with integrity and withstand closest possible scrutiny.

  • People and Skills

    •  Maintain the level of knowledge, skill and expertise of staff in respect to procurement processes and procedures.

  • Strategy and Organisation

    • Review buying patterns across Council and deliver savings from tendering goods and services, as appropriate. 

  • Leadership and Influence

    • Adopt best practice procurement and contracting principles, policies, processes and procedures.

  • Sourcing and Collaboration

    • Realise opportunities from increased economies of scale through collaboration with other Council’s and public sector agencies for particular goods and services.

  • Supplier Management

    • Source and maintain suppliers that demonstrate compliance with Council’s regulatory requirements and support key stakeholder requirements.

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Refer Appendix 1 - Council’s Procurement Strategy 2013-15


  • Procurement and Contracts Manual

  • Councilors - Code of Conduct Policy

  • Confidential Information Policy

  • Fraud Control Policy

  • Gifts & Hospitality Policy

  • Goods & Services Tax Policy

  • Occupational Health & Safety Policy

  • Risk Management Policy

  • Staff Code of Conduct Policy

  • Council Purchasing Card Policy

  • Environment Management Strategy Sustainable Water Use Plan

  • Local Government Act 1989

  • Competition and Consumer Act 2010

  • Human Rights and Responsibilities Act 2006

  • Disability Act 2006 & Regulations 2007

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i Ian McPhee, Auditor-General for Australia, “Contract Management in the Public Sector – an ANAO Better Practice. Perspective” Paper delivered at the Australian Government Procurement Conference
ii Landell Consulting definition
iii From MAV Procurement Policy Workshop slides – April 2009
iv Adapted from the definition attributed to the World Commission on Environment and Development
v Draws from Procurement Policy information provided from several Victorian Councils, as well as comments received during the MAV Procurement Policy Workshops in April 09.
vi Based on MAV workshop slides – April 09 complemented from information provided from several Victorian Councils.
vii Based on Procurement Policy information received from several Victorian Councils
viii Indicative amounts, individual councils will insert their own values.

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Page last updated: Thursday, 3 August 2017